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Wood finishing is a mystery to many woodworkers. But I think this video above will help communicate the essentials to the craft of applying a nice, smooth, clear protective finish on a piece of furniture.

What Are The Basics of Getting a Fantastic Wood Finish?

  1. Apply several light coats rather than thick, heavy coats
  2. Let each coat dry thoroughly
  3. Scuff before applying the next coat and
  4. Polish the final coat after it cures for a couple of weeks

So the video above walks you through those 4 steps on a solid American walnut wood desk top. The video is actually the second part in a series on how I finished my custom built standing height desk. Since the ash base is dyed black and glazed with a gray stain for a unique look, I put that in a separate tutorial. More about how I finished that in “Part 1” >

The solid walnut top, above, is a slightly different story. I finished it with just a hand-rubbed tung oil varnish, applying 8 coats to protect the top surface while giving the walnut a gorgeous, natural warm glow, too.

In this video, you’ll follow along as I work through each step from prepping the raw panel all the way to polishing the final coat.

Watch the Video to Get a Few Pointers On:

  • dealing with a cupped solid wood panel
  • wet-sanding an oil finish to highlight the grain
  • using a sanding sponge
  • scuffing with synthetic finishing pads
  • polishing the last coat for a beautiful shine

Products Used:

  • Old Masters Tung Oil Varnish
  • Howard Restor-A-Shine Polishing Compound
  • Synthetic finishing pads
  • 220-grit sanding sponge
  • Scott Shop Towels

Quick Gallery of Images of The Walnut Top:

  • Michael Ferrari

    Great video, I am constructing a walnut bench that will be used outdoors. If I follow the same steps will my project be protected from the elements? Any suggestions will be appreciated! Thanks!

  • George M

    Great video and looking forward to using the product on my next project.

    Did you also apply the finish to the underside of the table top? I assume so or else the table might cup or warp?

    Thanks.

    • Yes, it’s applied to the bottom but not sanded in. Just wiped on and off.

  • Ken L

    If I use monocoat, will that be one step, and then done in a single day?

  • Katie Reichle

    where do you find the hand sanding sponge? its definitely not at homedepot. i cant even find anything like it. help

  • Bill Berens

    Mark it looks great. Would this method work for a walnut farmhouse table? Or would you recommend another process like Arm-r-seal or monocoat. I have never sealed a table top and want protection without a polyurethane glaze. Thoughts?

    • Pick any of the three you’re most comfortable with.
      This stuff I used isn’t much different from Arm-R-Seal. Conceptually they’re the same thing, oil + urethane. Different brands, so the minutiae of the recipe is probably different, but the end result is virtually indistinguishable. Both great products and work fine for a table.
      Monocoat would work too, it’s fantastic stuff (and quite expensive!).